C major and minor, G major and minor, and D major and minor, and A major and minor, E major and minor,and B major and minor, we listed Ernst Pauer’s suggestions from 1876 of pieces that fit the particular affect he assigned for a key. For the rest of the major and minor keys, he left us the attributes but not list of pieces.In our earlier series on
Pauer’s key characteristics for F sharp major are that it: “…sounds brilliant and exceedingly clear; as G flat major, it expresses softness coupled with richness.”
Pauer poses us an interesting problem here, in pairing F sharp major and G flat major and, at the same time, giving them very different characteristics.
F sharp major was rarely used in orchestral music but one place it was used was the third movement minuet of Haydn’s Farewell Symphony. This symphony, with the general key of F sharp minor, had this major key minuet (as was common with many minor-key symphonies). We can hear the clarity that Pauer described in this work.
Haydn: Symphony No. 45 in F-Sharp Minor, Hob.I:45, “Farewell”: III. Minuetto: Allegretto (Orpheus Chamber Orchestra)
G flat major, on the other hand, was rarely used for orchestral work because of the problem with modulating into related keys. The instruments of the German Classical / Romantic period had intonation problems when venturing into remote keys. It was used, however, for piano works.
One beautiful example is Schubert’s Impromptu No. 3. These works from 1827 were named by Schubert’s publisher, Tobias Haslinger, following up on the Romantic ideal of careless rapture and sudden inspiration. This work also fits Pauer’s idea of a work that is both soft and rich.
Schubert: 4 Impromptus, Op. 90, D. 899: Impromptu No. 3 in G-Flat Major (Jenő Jandó, piano)
What pieces do you think should be added here? Keep in mind that the piece should date from before 1876, when Pauer’s book was published. Another guideline might be to note the relatively small list of composers he gave as examples: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Schubert Rossini, Weber, and Spohr – all stalwarts of German classicism / romanticism.
- How You Should Feel in the Key of C Sharp Major / D flat major Powers says that C sharp major was scarcely ever used; in its enharmonic guise as D flat major.
- How You Should Feel in the Key of F Sharp Minor Pauer calls F sharp minor “…that dark, mysterious, and spectral key, [which] is at the same time full of passion.”
- How You Should Feel in the Key of B minor Pauer’s key characteristics for B minor are that it is: “that very melancholy key, tells of a quiet expectation and patient hope.”
- How You Should Feel in the Key of B major Pauer’s key characteristics for B major are that it is: “a key but seldom used, expresses in fortissimo boldness and pride; in pianissimo purity and the most perfect clearness.”
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