Moved to Tears

tearsMusic has the power to tug at the heartstrings, and evoking emotion is the main purpose of music – whether it’s joy or sadness, excitement or meditation. A certain melody or line of a song, a falling phrase, the delayed gratification of a resolved harmony – all these factors make music interesting, exciting, calming, pleasurable and moving.

Tears and chills – or “tingles” – on hearing music are a physiological response which activates the parasympathetic nervous system, as well as the reward-related brain regions of the brain. Studies have shown that around 25% of the population experience this reaction to music. But it’s much more than a pure physiological response. Classical music in particular steers a mysterious path through our senses, triggering unexpected and powerful emotional responses, which sometimes result in tears – and not just tears of sadness.

Tears flow spontaneously in response to a release of tension, perhaps at the end of a particularly engrossing performance. Certain pieces of music can remind us of past events, experiences and people, triggering memories and associated emotions. At other times, we may feel tearfully awestruck in the face of the greatness or sheer beauty of the music.

This last response has a name – Stendhal Syndrome – and while the syndrome is more commonly associated with art, it can be applied equally to the powerful emotional reaction which music provokes.

A psychosomatic disorder, Stendhal Syndrome, or hyperkulturemia, causes rapid heartbeat, dizziness, sweating, disorientation, fainting, tears and confusion when someone is looking at artwork (or hearing a piece of music) with which he or she connects emotionally on a profound level. The phenomenon, also called ‘Florence Syndrome’, is named after the French author Marie-Henri Beyle , who wrote under the pen-name of ‘Stendhal’. While visiting the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence, he became overcome with emotion and noted his reactions:

“I was in a sort of ecstasy, from the idea of being in Florence, close to the great men whose tombs I had seen. Absorbed in the contemplation of sublime beauty … I reached the point where one encounters celestial sensations … Everything spoke so vividly to my soul.”

While there is some debate as to whether the syndrome actually exists, there is no doubt that music (and art and literature) can have a very profound effect on our emotional responses.

Certain pieces are well-known tear-jerkers, including:

Mahler – Adagio from Symphony No 9 in D

One of the most poignant farewells in music
(Stuttgart Radio Symphony, Norrington)

Schubert – Winterreise

Personal tragedy portrayed in hauntingly beautiful music

Elgar – Cello Concerto

Wistful soaring melodies and a sense of hope and anguish, particularly in the final movement, this is Elgar’s tragic masterpiece

Allegri – Miserere

Ethereal chords combined with plainchant, the exquisite simplicity and beauty of this music is guaranteed to set the tears flowing

Rachmaninov – Slow movement, Piano Concerto No. 2

Put simply, this is sublimely beautiful music.

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  1. Without doubt or fail, great music makes me cry – not tears of sadness but tears of elation and awe. I also get goosebumps and chills that cause the small hairs of my body stand up. The chills also go up and down the spine and can run across my forehead. This has been happening all of my memorable life.
    I always loved classical music but the “bug” hit me very hard when my music teacher gave me a ticket for her recital with the NY string Quartet at Carnegie hall. Ms Kay Livolsi is her name. She played the violin. Mozart was the main composer, followed by Beethoven. I vividly remember how focused I was. I experienced all the physical and emotional reactions I stated above. From that evening on, I was formally hooked! Thank you Kay, for all you’ve given me and for enriching my life, God willing, you are still with us.

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