There we went and eat and drank and heard musique at the Globe, and saw the simple motion that is there of a woman with a rod in her hand keeping time to the musique while it plays, which is simple, methinks. (6 June 1661)
Unfortunately, what Pepys was probably referring to was an automaton attached to a mechanical organ where the action of the organ activated the mechanical conductor.
Now, fortunately, women conductors are everywhere – leading the major orchestras of the world and the minor ones as well. Here’s an overview of just five of them.
We start with the incomparable Marin Alsop, conductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra since 2007 and of the São Paulo Orchestra since 2012. She attended Juilliard and did a bachelor’s and master’s degree in violin and won the Koussevitzky conducting prize at Tanglewood in 1989. She’s had positions at the Colorado Symphony, the Richmond (VA) Symphony, and the Eugene Symphony, and held the Creative Conductor Chair at the St. Louis Symphony from 1994-1996. Alsop’s Dvořák recordings have won her international praise.
Dvořák: Nocturne in B major, Op. 40 (Baltimore Symphony Orchestra; Marin Alsop, cond.)
Uruguayan conductor Gisèle Ben-Dor is known for her performances of Latin American music, including the music of Ginastera, Villa-Lobos, Revueltas, and others. She led the Santa Barbara Symphony Orchestra from 1994, becoming its conductor laureate in 2006, and has been music director of the Boston Pro-Arte Chamber Orchestra from 1991, as well as being Resident Conductor of the Houston Symphony and the Louisville Orchestra. As guest conductor, she’s appeared with the New York Philharmonic, London Symphony Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Helsinki Philharmonic, Minnesota Orchestra, Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, New World Symphony, and many, many others.
Revueltas: Caminos (Itinerarios) (Santa Barbara Symphony Orchestra, Gisèle Ben-Dor, cond)
JoAnn Falletta started her career as a virtuoso mandolin and guitar player but started conducting in her freshman year at Mannes College of Music. Eventually, she was awarded her doctorate in conducting at Juilliard. After serving as associate conductor of the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra (1985-88), in 1991 she was appointed music director of the Virginia Symphony Orchestra and her contract now goes through 2021. She has been music director of the Buffalo (NY) Philharmonic Orchestra since 1999. She champions American music and her 2009 recording of the music of John Corigliano won a double Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Performance and Best Classical Contemporary Composition.
Corigliano: Mr. Tambourine Man: No. 5. All Along the Watchtower (Hila Plitman, soprano; Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra; JoAnn Falletta, cond.)
Xian Zhang started her music studies on piano and conducting at age 16, studying at the Central Conservatory. She was cover and then assistant conductor for the New York Philharmonic, music director of the Sioux City Symphony, and was music director of the Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano Giuseppe Verdi from 2009-2016 and is now conductor emeritus with the orchestra. She went on to be the music director of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and starting in 2016, is the principal guest conductor of the BBC National Orchestra of Wales.
With these five conductors, we can see the enormous variety of their expertise. Their training is the best, their skills recognized – now we need the orchestra boards of the world to widen their search to include the best conductors in the world…. not just all the male ones.